From October 12 to October 15, India will participate in the 2nd phase of the Malabar exercise. The multilateral maritime exercise will take place in the Bay of Bengal. Other participants of the exercise include the Japan Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF), Royal Australian Navy (RAN), and the United States Navy (USN).
Above all, the Indian Navy participation has the accompanied by INS Ranvijay, INS Satpura. In addition, P8I Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft and a Submarine will also partner.
On the other hand, USN will have a nuclear-powered US aircraft carrier, Carl Vinson. Along with this two destroyers, USS Lake Champlain and USS Stockdale will also be present. The JMSDF will deploy helicopter carrier JS Kaga and Murasame-class destroyers JS Murasame. Whereas, the Royal Australian Navy will have an HMAS Ballarat and HMAS Sirius.
The spokesperson commander of the Indian Navy, Vivek Madhwal said in an interview, “The second phase of the exercise would build upon the synergy, coordination and interoperability developed during the first phase and would focus on advanced surface and anti-submarine warfare exercises, seamanship evolution, and weapon firings.”
Phase 2 of MALABAR-21 kicks off in Bay of Bengal between navies of Indian Navy, US Navy (USN), Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) and Royal Australian Navy (RAN): Spokesperson, Indian Navy pic.twitter.com/ozuxgJI3IZ
— ANI (@ANI) October 12, 2021
What is Malabar exercise?
In 1992, an annual bilateral series of naval exercises began between the US and India, named the Malabar series. JMSDF entered the Malabar series in 2015 as a permanent member. In 2020, RAN added to this exercise.
The first phase was initiated in the Philippines Sea from August 26 to 29.
There are two phases in the 25th edition of Malabar exercises while observing the Covid 19 pandemic protocols.
The participating countries adhere to the commitment of a free, open, inclusively Indo-Pacific as well as a disciplined international order.
International politics in Malabar exercise
Suspicion grows within China about the Malabar exercise as it feels the intention of the exercise is to limit its influence in the Indo-Pacific region. There are tensions about the growing Chinese military strength. Consequently, it makes the matter a global concern.
India, the US, Japan, Australia and other mutual-minded countries are working to ensure a free and open Indo-Pacific region.