In 2018, China’s largely ceremonial parliament changed its rules to remove the presidential term limit. Hence, paving the way for Xi to potentially rule for life.
Xi has already managed to establish his own eponymous political theory. Hence written it into the party’s constitution, a measure previously only reserved for Mao and Deng. By issuing his own resolution, Xi seeks to further entrench his status as a towering leader on the same level as the same two predecessors.
Mao and Deng resolution:
Mao’s resolution in 1945 established him as the unchallenged authority within the party, after a three-year “rectification” campaign that brutally purged his political and ideological opponents.
Deng’s resolution in 1981, meanwhile, acknowledged Mao’s errors in launching the Cultural Revolution. It means a political campaign that plunged the country into a decade of chaos and torment. Although it concluded that Mao’s contributions to the Chinese revolution “far outweighed” his mistakes. By admitting to and moving on from past mistakes, Deng was able to usher in a new era of reform.
Under Xi, China has adopted more autocratic domestic policies while turning increasingly confrontational abroad.
He has greatly tightened his grip over the Party’s 95 million members. Hence, emphasizing “absolute loyalty” from senior officials as well as the rank and file.
Xi’s second five-year term as the Party leader ends next year.